Cloud Radio Access Network (C-RAN) with radio-over-fiber transmission is a cellular network architecture that centralizes baseband processing in the cloud while transmitting the radio signals over optical fibers. The baseband processing, traditionally performed at each base station, is pooled in a central location, improving resource allocation and network performance. The radio components, called Remote Radio Heads (RRHs), remain distributed across the network’s cell sites. In this system, the radio signals are converted to optical signals and transmitted over fiber links from the central baseband unit to the RRHs, and vice versa. This approach allows for reduced power consumption, enhanced network agility, and is particularly apt for delivering the high data rates and low latencies required by advanced applications in next-generation networks such as 5G.
Changyo Han is a HCI researcher interested in Digital Fabrication and Physical Interfaces.